User Requirements

Identify user
  • individuals
  • user groups
  • user characteristics
  • age groups

Identify needs

  • specific individual needs and abilities
  • group needs and abilities

Establish Territorial Requirements

  • personal space
  • privacy
  • interaction
  • access
  • security

Determine preferences

  • favored object
  • favorite colors
  • special place
  • special interests

Research Environmental Concerns

Activity Requirements

Identify primary and Secondary Activities

  • name and function of primary activities
  • names and functions of secondary activities

Analyze nature of the activities

  • active or passive
  • noisy or quiet
  • public, small group , or private
  • compatibility of activities if space is to be used for more than one activity
  • how often is the space to be used
  • what time of day or night

Determine Requirements for

  • privacy and enclosure
  • access
  • ada guidelines
  • flexibility
  • light
  • acoustic quality
  • security
  • maintenance and durability

Space Analysis

Document Existing or Proposed Space
  • Measure
  • Photograph
Analyze space
  • orientation and site conditions
  • form, scale, and proportion
  • doorway locations, points of access, and circulation paths
  • windows and the light, views and ventilation
  • wall, floor, and ceiling material
  • significant architectural details
  • location of plumbing, electrical, mechanical fixtures, and outlets
  • possible architectural modifications
  • elements for possible reuse, including finishes, and furnishings
Dimensional Requirements

Determine required space for space and furniture groups

  • each functional grouping of furniture
  • access and movement within and between activity areas
  • number of people served
  • appropriate social distances and interactions

Below are examples of a typical program layout citing individual spaces

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