Art 151 - linear sculpture

Purpose: To create a free standing linear sculpture composed of units.

Objectives:Student will design modular unit using two or more toothpicks construct as many modular units as possible with minimum 100 toothpicks design sculpture made from modular unitsshow awareness of art vocabulary critique works of art

Materials:toothpicks - minimum 100 per studentwood glue (or Elmer's glue)masking tape, Styrofoam blocks,spray paint (assorted colors)

Optional: wood for bases,electric drill, drill bit

Emphasis:Line, negative space, movement, and repetition.

Procedure:Discuss the how artists communicate visually in their work using the elements of design.

The elements of design should be used as the building blocks of the structure you are trying to create.

The elements of design are form, space, texture, space, line, color and value.

Line is a mark made by a moving point. It directs a visual path from one point to another. In sculpture, line can define the solid mass- it serves as the outline. We perceive the “edges” of the surface as lines. In fact, these edges are planes, and this term should be used to refer to sculptural forms.

Space refers to the area around, within, and occupied by the three-dimensional object, as well as the way these areas interact. The sculptor must consider the positive space as well as the negative space (the area around and within the structure) when planning a sculpture.

Movement is the sense of motion created by the angles or planes to further the sculptural idea. It may be categorized as implied movement, optical movement, actual movement, and sequence. A strong sense of movement can be created in a sculpture through the use of diagonal edges or planes. Opposing, asymmetrical paths of movement will challenge the viewer’s sense of balance and can be used to dramatically affect the sculpture. Viewer movement, even if it only involves the eyes, is a necessary part of experiencing art.

Pattern is the repetition of texture, forms, colors, or other design elements. Such recurrence of visual elements helps to unify the artwork and creates a sense of structure. Pattern, if used in a regular and planned way, may also emphasize the main idea. If used in an unplanned or random way, it can add a sense of energy and provide a variation on a theme that is unexpected and exciting.

Students will be given Minimum 100 toothpicks

Students will begin by gluing two, three or four toothpicks together creating a unit. The unit can be a geometric shape such as a square or triangle or as simple as two toothpicks glued side by side.

Make some thumbnail sketches of sculpture plan using unit.
The student will then create as many units as possible using all the toothpicks. It should be noted that construction of the units couldn’t be done quickly. The wood glue will take approximately 30 minutes to dry.
Once all units have been created students will begin to create a three dimensional form using all the units. The form created must show movement, repetition, negative space, and line.

The base for the sculpture will be Styrofoam. Plaster wrap will be added to the Styrofoam to make the base sturdier and to keep the Styrofoam from disintegrating when spray-painted.

Once the sculpture is created and the Styrofoam base has been plaster wrapped with entire sculpture will be spray-painted all black, white or red. More than one coat may be needed to completely cover the sculpture.
Critique finished work. Discuss what is successful with each work.

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